Discovering the Artist Behind an Iconic American Look
Imagine a chance encounter launching you into the art world after discovering a 6,000-object archive of work by a brilliant, yet largely unknown artist. This is the course Becky Smith’s life took in 2007 when she first encountered Suzie Zuzek (Agnes Helen Zuzek de Poo) and her iconic textile designs used by Lilly Pulitzer, famous purveyor of high-society resort wear in the 1960s and 1970s.
Suzie Zuzek (Agnes Helen Zuzek de Poo, 1920-2011). Photo circa 1969, Courtesy The Original I. P. LLC
That first encounter with Zuzek was the catalyst that inspired Becky, and ultimately her co-founder Meg Shinkle, to form The Suzie Zuzek Project with the goal of saving, conserving, cataloguing, and championing Zuzek’s iconic watercolor and pen-and-ink drawings–the Zuzek Prints [1962–1985]. Their efforts have culminated in an upcoming monograph exhibition at Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum. The incredible journey from first encounter to exhibition has been a multi-year passion project, with Gallery Systems’ team and collections management system, The Museum System (TMS), playing a crucial role.
In the 1960’s and 70’s Lilly Pulitzer was practically a household name, a socialite fashion designer who turned out garments with whimsical printed textiles. During the fashion house’s heyday, “the Lilly look” was sported by such celebrated women as Audrey Hepburn, Caroline Kennedy, and Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, a school friend of Pulitzer’s. The vivacious florals, expressive animals, and bold color palette were unmistakable, but the artist behind the fabrics was largely anonymous.
Between 1962 and 1985, Suzie Zuzek created over 2,000 astonishing designs for Key West Hand Print Fabrics, the supplier of fabrics to Lilly Pulitzer, Inc.
Pulitzer herself said of Zuzek, “The fabulous success of the ‘Lilly Look’ would not have been possible without Suzie’s whimsical and magical creations. She constantly amused me, not only by the genius of her art, but also the sheer number of designs she created. I simply couldn’t have done it without her.”
When Pulitzer filed for bankruptcy and sold her archive of prints in 1985, Zuzek’s original artwork disappeared and the artist herself believed it lost, even at the time of her passing in 2011.
Yet, five years after Zuzek’s death, Becky Smith and Meg Shinkle, after much sleuthing and some luck, managed to track down Zuzek’s archive in Key West, Florida, hidden in a warehouse, crammed into dusty cardboard boxes, and unprotected from Florida’s heat and humidity. In spite of that, most of her original drawings and their acetates were preserved.
Meg credits the preservation to Zuzek’s background as a textile design graduate of the Pratt Institute. “Because Suzie was classically trained, she understood the value of using excellent materials. She used really good paper and really good watercolor ink, and that is a huge part of why her drawings and paintings have stayed intact,” she says. “There was nothing done to preserve them.”
Collectively, the two women made the decision to purchase the entire Zuzek archive in 2016 with the goal to first save it and then share it.
When cataloguing the archive began, the task seemed Herculean. The archive had never before been catalogued. During her prolific career for Lilly Pulitzer, Zuzek had produced over 1,500 designs, along with another 500 unregistered works. These items, along with their acetates, totaled over 6,000 objects and all needed to be documented.
“The enormity of it! No wonder nobody did this before us,” Becky laughs when recalling the fledgling days of saving the archive.
The Zuzek Project. Cataloguing and conserving over 2,500 sets of acetates for archive designs, 1962-1985. View: Fine Art Storage Facility. Photo: courtesy The Original I. P. LLC
While the sheer size of the archive was intimidating, another problem surfaced: many of the copyrighted textiles were titled incorrectly. When Zuzek finished a design, her original artwork was given a title; however, this working title was often different from the copyrighted title, or the copyrighted title was simply misspelled. To compound the confusion, many of the designs had duplicate titles.
Still, the two women were determined to succeed. “We wanted to save and preserve the archive because it is an iconic American look that was used in fashion,” Becky says. “Also, to inspire and educate others, and for the sheer enjoyment of viewing the art.” Seeing the brilliance in Zuzek’s creations, they were committed to earning her the recognition she deserved, a recognition that is often lost to women artists.
Though devoted to their quest and determined to succeed, they were new to the world of collections management and had much to learn, including the best practices for cataloguing a 6,000-object textile archive.
They tried several solutions, but none of the software programs could keep pace with their objectives. As Meg explains, “It couldn’t be a database that would only work once it was set up. It had to be a database that was developing with us.”
Rhino, © January 21, 1977
Suzie Zuzek (Agnes Helen Zuzek de Poo, American, 1920-2011)
Brush and green watercolor, white gouache, pen and black ink, graphite on paper
38.1 x 28.4 cm (15 x 11 3/16 in.)
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Gift of The Original I. P. LLC, 5891.1.2018
© The Original I. P. LLC
Feeling frustrated by the endeavor, the pair reached out to contacts in the museum world, who suggested The Museum System (TMS), as a possible solution.
Once they began using TMS in August 2016, things quickly began to come together. Being able to catalogue Zuzek’s archive in a streamlined, efficient way sped up the process, and TMS also remedied the problems encountered with earlier software, including how to catalogue pieces with multiple names as well as capturing many different data points relevant to the works, including attaching media to each unique object.
“It was very difficult to use other programs,” Becky explains. “With TMS, we could have several different title names for the same design.”
Becky and Meg praised TMS for its universally user-friendly interface, along with the training and continued support that the Gallery Systems team provided.